Draft Greater Norwich Local Plan – Part 1 The Strategy
SECTION 3 - THE VISION AND OBJECTIVES FOR GREATER NORWICH
- The vision and objectives below set out what the GNLP aims to achieve for Greater Norwich to 2038.
The Vision for Greater Norwich in 2038
- By promoting this Greater Norwich Local Plan our aim is that it will support growth of a diverse low carbon economy which will compete globally through its world class knowledge-intensive jobs in the Cambridge Norwich Tech Corridor.
- As a result, by 2038 Greater Norwich will have vibrant, healthy, inclusive and growing communities supported by the delivery of new homes, infrastructure and an enhanced environment. Growth will make the best of Greater Norwich's distinct built, natural and historic assets.
- To achieve this, growth will be clean and resource efficient, with significantly reduced emissions to ensure that Greater Norwich plays a full part in meeting national commitments on tackling climate change and is moving towards a post-carbon economy. The focus on three high growth sectors: clean energy, agri-food and ICT/digital, along with the high environmental standards and significant further improvements to our extensive green infrastructure network promoted through this plan, will support Norfolk and Suffolk as the UK's clean growth region.
- Generating the right levels of growth in the right places will help our local economy by stimulating economic investment, new infrastructure, new technologies and environmental improvements. This will improve access across Greater Norwich to services and jobs, and lead to better environmental quality.
- Our plan will stimulate the creation of a strong, enterprising, productive and broad-based economy, and the growth of a wide range of economic sectors, supported by an increasingly skilled workforce. We will see a focus on our local strengths in knowledge intensive sectors. This will include significant growth in digital creative industries in the city centre and in health, life sciences, agri- and bio-technology at the Norwich Research Park and the Food Enterprise Park at Honingham, along with advanced manufacturing and engineering at Hethel. This clean growth will place Greater Norwich at the forefront of tackling the challenges and opportunities of climate change. Together these will strengthen our leading role nationally and internationally in these sectors which will be critical to moving towards the post-carbon economy.
- Most of the jobs growth we expect to see will have been delivered on strategic sites in and around Norwich with good access to public transport, the major road network and a comprehensive cycling network. This will have contributed to the growing national importance of the Cambridge Norwich Tech Corridor and strengthened Norwich's role as the regional capital.
- The city centre will continue to play a significant role as the economic dynamo of the area by providing excellent retail and leisure facilities along with a broad range of cultural and tourism attractions and new jobs needed to support housing growth across the Greater Norwich area.
- Parallel to this, the role of smaller scale employment sites elsewhere in the urban area, market towns and villages will help to deliver good access to jobs for all. New technologies and improved broadband and mobile phone infrastructure will also facilitate changes to the way we work, including the growth of small-scale businesses, more working from home and remote working.
- The growth of mixed, inclusive, resilient and sustainable communities will mean thatour new communities will be safe and attractive places to live. People of all ages will have good access to services and facilities including schools, health care, shops, leisure and community facilities and libraries – which will in turn reduce the need to travel. This will also help create communities in which people can interact socially, be independent and have the opportunity for healthy and active lifestyles. New technologies will provide more ways of travelling and accessing services and our new communities will be designed to make active travel and public transport the easiest travel choices.
- High quality new homes will have been built to meet the growing and changing needs of Greater Norwich. There will be a variety of type, tenure and sizes of homes in the mixed and inclusive communities, catering for the needs of all and providing both market and affordable homes to meet different needs in our urban and rural areas.
- Our plan envisages delivering the right number of homes to meet a variety of housing needs for those living and working in Greater Norwich. These include the rising ageing population, families and younger people, single occupants and those looking to share a home with others. The needs of groups in our community such as Gypsies and Travellers, Travelling Show People and those who live in residential caravans will have been provided for in accessible locations.
- Most new homes will have been built in and around Norwich and in the Cambridge Norwich Tech Corridor. In Norwich city centre and other highly accessible and sustainable locations, higher density homes including flats will have been built, providing particularly for the needs of younger people and including purpose-built student accommodation, whilst also meeting the needs of other members of our community. This will have helped to create lively and vibrant city and district centres, enabling people to access services and jobs easily and to travel sustainably.
- Our suburbs, towns and villages will also be vibrant places to live with good access to services and facilities, supported by new housing and jobs and changing technologies. Homes here will have been built at appropriate densities to respect and enhance local character and to meet the needs of all in mixed communities.
- New homes needing planning permission will be large enough to provide a good quality of life, with adaptable homes built to meet the varied and changing needs of our communities. Many homes across Greater Norwich will also be custom-built.
- By 2038 our transport system will have been enhanced by a combination of infrastructure improvements and new technologies. Connectivity will improve both within Greater Norwich and to other parts of the country and beyond. This will include better rail services to London, Cambridge, Stansted, Milton Keynes, Oxford and the West, growth at Norwich International Airport, as well as road improvements to the A47, the Norwich Western Link and the A140.
- Together these will provide greater travel choices and allow people to make the best use of evolving sustainable transport networks, particularly in the urban area. They will also continue to support Norwich's role as the regional capital and improve access to our rural areas.
- The coming decades will see significant changes in how much and how people travel. This plan will help to reduce the impact of travel both by concentrating activities close to centres of population and by assisting an increase in home working. Combined with technological improvements including the addition of new and different transport infrastructure, emissions from transport consequently will be significantly reduced.
- For journeys that are still needed there will have been a radical shift away from the use of the private car, with many people walking, cycling or using clean public transport. This will be especially evident in the Norwich urban area and the main towns with safe, attractive and well-designed routes for pedestrians and cyclists and fast, frequent and reliable public transport services. Electric vehicles will predominate throughout Greater Norwich and connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) will have become more commonplace, initially with taxis and shared demand responsive buses and ultimately for buses, deliveries and private vehicles.
- In addition, the delivery of improved telecommunications, broadband and utilities infrastructure throughout the area will both support businesses development, home working, carbon reductions and access to services while also reducing transport emissions.
- Existing schools and health facilities will have been expanded, and new facilities provided to serve growing communities.
- We will achieve our vision for sustainable and inclusive growth by a variety of means. These include our proactive approach to co-ordinating development providers, organisations and agencies as well as through interventions in cases where the market cannot deliver infrastructure. The protection and enhancement of a high-quality environment will also have assisted delivery by attracting inward investment. Our GNLP will meet housing need by providing choice and flexibility so that homes will have been delivered on allocated and windfall housing sites.
- Greater efficiency in water and energy usage will have minimised the need for new infrastructure, and further reductions in carbon emissions will be delivered through the increased use of sustainable local energy sources. New water efficient buildings will have also contributed to the protection of our water resources and water quality, helping to ensure the protection of our rivers, the Broads and our other wetland habitats.
- Air pollution levels will be reduced through a combination of better design and location of development, supported by technological changes. Improved air quality will mean that there will no longer be any Air Quality Management Areas in Greater Norwich.
- This GNLP will protect and enhance the distinctive local characteristics of our city, towns and villages and their separate identities. This will be achieved by shaping high quality new development, making efficient use of brownfield sites and minimising the loss of greenfield land.
- The development of a multi-functional green infrastructure network will continue across Greater Norwich. This enhanced network will have helped our communities mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change, by providing for biodiversity gain through improved and linked habitats, reducing flood risk and improving opportunities for active travel and leisure. Improved access to the countryside will have been provided and the quality of our environmental assets will have been enhanced. Visitor pressure on the Broads and other internationally and nationally protected sites will be reduced by new and improved green infrastructure both on and linked to developments, including delivery of the North West Woodland Country Park in Horsford.
- Critically, our plan will have helped to achieve reductions in our greenhouse gas emissions to contribute to the national zero emission target by 2050.
The plan's objectives
- The wide-ranging vision for Greater Norwich above has helped us to establish the plan's objectives below. Together, the vision and objectives provide the context for the policies and monitoring indicators in this plan.
To support and promote clean growth and progress towards a post-carbon economy through the expansion of internationally important knowledge-based industries in the Cambridge Norwich Tech Corridor as part of an entrepreneurial, enterprising, creative and broad-based economy with high productivity and a skilled workforce.
To grow vibrant, healthy communities giving people a high quality of life in well-designed developments with good access to jobs, services and facilities, helping to close the gap between life chances in disadvantaged and other communities.
To enable delivery of high-quality homes of the right density, size, mix and tenure to meet people's needs throughout their lives and to make efficient use of land.
To promote the timely delivery of infrastructure to support existing communities, growth and modal shift in transport use; and to improve connectivity to allow access to economic and social opportunities.
To promote the delivery of housing, jobs and infrastructure to meet identified needs, supported by intervention mechanisms where the market is unable to deliver.
To protect and enhance the built, natural and historic environments, make best use of natural resources, and to significantly reduce emissions to ensure that Greater Norwich is adapted to climate change and plays a full part in meeting national commitments to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
Consultation Questions for Section 3 – The Vision and Objectives for Greater Norwich
- Do you support or object to the vision and objectives for Greater Norwich?
- Are there any factors which have not been covered that you believe should have been?
- Is there anything that you feel needs further explanation, clarification or reference?
 Windfall sites are those which gain planning permission without having been allocated in a local or neighbourhood plan